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World Chess Champions

      The World Chess Championship (WCC) is played to determine the World Champion in chess. The official world championship is regarded to have begun in 1886, when the two leading players in Europe and the United States, Johann Zukertort and Wilhelm Steinitz respectively, played a match. From 1886 to 1946, the champion set the terms, requiring any challenger to raise a sizable stake and defeat the champion in a match in order to become the new world champion. Since 1948 the championship is administered by FIDE, the World Chess Federation, however in 1993, the reigning champion (Garry Kasparov) broke away from FIDE, which led to the creation of the rival PCA championship. The titles were unified at the World Chess Championship 2006, and in the period 1993-2006 the world chess championship title is regarded as split. At the World Chess Championship 2013 played from 9 to 22 November 2013 in Chennai, India, Magnus Carlsen became the 20th World Chess Champion, taking the title from the reigning champion, Viswanathan Anand.

(click on the picture to see chess profile)
Wilhelm Steinitz
Wilhelm Steinitz
1886-1894
Emanuel Lasker
Emanuel Lasker
1894-1921
Jose Raul Capablanca
Jose Raul Capablanca
1921-1927
Alexander Alekhine
Alexander Alekhine
1927-1935,1937-46
Max Euwe
Max Euwe
1935-1937
Mikhail Botvinnik
Mikhail Botvinnik
1948-57,58-60,61-63
Vassily Smyslov
Vassily Smyslov
1957-1958
Mikhail Tal
Mikhail Tal
1960-1961
Tigran Petrosyan
Tigran Petrosyan
1963-1969
Boris Spassky
Boris Spassky
1969-1972
Bobby Fischer
Bobby Fischer
1972-1975
Anatoly Karpov
Anatoly Karpov
1975-1985, 1993-99
Garry Kasparov
Garry Kasparov
1985-1993, 93-2000
Alexander Khalifman
Alexander Khalifman
1999-2000
Ruslan Ponomariov
Ruslan Ponomariov
2002-2004
Rustam Kasimdzhanov
Rustam Kasimdzhanov
2004-2005
Veselin Topalov
Veselin Topalov
2005-2006
Vladimir Kramnik
Vladimir Kramnik
2000-06, 2006-07
Viswanathan Anand
Viswanathan Anand
2000-02, 2007-2013
Magnus Carlsen
Magnus Carlsen
2013-

Women's World Chess Champions

      The Women's World Chess Championship is played to determine the women's world champion in chess. Like the World Chess Championship, it is administered by FIDE. At the World Chess Championship Match played from March 1st to March 18th 2016 in Lviv, Ukraine, Hou Yifan became the new Women World Chess Champion, taking the title from the reigning champion, Mariya Muzychuk.

(click on the picture to see chess profile)
Vera Menchik
Vera Menchik
1927-1944
Lyudmila Rudenko
Lyudmila Rudenko
19501953
Elisabeth Bykova
Elisabeth Bykova
195356, 1958-62
Olga Rubtsova
Olga Rubtsova
19561958
Nona Gaprindashvili
Nona Gaprindashvili
19621978
Maya Chiburdanidze
Maya Chiburdanidze
19781991
Xie Jun
Xie Jun
1991-96,1999-2001
Zsuzsa Polgar
Zsuzsa Polgar
19961999
Zhu Chen
Zhu Chen
20012004
Antoaneta Stefanova
Antoaneta Stefanova
2004-2006
Xu Yuhua
Xu Yuhua
20062008
Alexandra Kosteniuk
Alexandra Kosteniuk
20082010
Hou Yifan
Hou Yifan
201012,1315, 2016-
Anna Ushenina
Anna Ushenina
20122013
Mariya Muzychuk
Mariya Muzychuk
2015-2016